If you have a home in Dallas, Texas and have floors that are cracking, doors that refuse to shut, drywall cracks that constantly expand, or your basement showing some distress, it is more than likely that you are having problems with your foundation. These problems could be minor, or substantial, but whatever their extent, you will do well to get in the experts on foundation repair, whom you will find in your city.
The foundation of a home is in direct contact with the ground below it and can be in soil or on rock. The function of the foundation is to distribute the load of the structure of your home to the ground below it. Soil conditions can change constantly, and if the soil is clayey, it expands with moisture and contracts when it dries up. This causes foundations to settle, move or crack. This change in soil conditions comes from changes in the weather, which are seasonal, poor drainage, trees and their roots, and even leaks from plumbing. When foundations start settling or cracking, they can damage underground plumbing and further aggravate the instability. Interior and exterior walls may show damage that varies from small cosmetic ones to large structural cracks. Roofs can leak, gas and water lines can get damaged, and electrical installations can become dangerous.
One of the first things that is needed, once you are aware of foundation problems, is to get in the services of a foundation repair specialist. These are experts who are aware of conditions in and around Dallas, and they will investigate your home and its problems and determine the causes for the distress in the foundation. They will then make their recommendations for foundation repair. If the foundation has shifted from its original position, they will first effect certain solutions that prevent further sinking, and then take steps to restore the foundation to its original position.
Foundation repair can be a very costly affair, but this will be determined by the type of foundation that is in place. A continuously poured concrete wall will show less distress than a wall made of brick or stone. The area that has changed soil conditions can limit the damage to just portions of a home. The cost can also be affected by the accessibility of the site for the equipment and crew. The normal process of foundation repair is to stabilize the soil below the foundation with piers, mud or concrete jacking. The process that will be used can depend on the structural loads, extent of damage and the adaptability of the method to the current situation. Once the stabilization process is over, the foundations can be jacked or floated back to their previous positions.
Piles or piers are normally of steel and will be driven down through the soil below the foundation to reach bedrock or soil that is stable. They can be pushed down to the soil or screwed in with the necessary equipment. The work can be carried out from outside the home, or where areas are very large, miniature machines are used to work form within a home. The foundations of the structure are then jacked up and moved to their original position. This repair job is a permanent one that is as good as making a new foundation.
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